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International Conference
The Transformation of Europe in the Third Millennium BC

Riva del Garda, Trento, Italy

- Congress Center -


25 – 28 October 2023

The next months will bring exciting progress in our understanding of Third Millennium BC archaeology in Europe.

Exactly 25 years after the ‘Bell Beakers Today’ international conference in Riva del Garda / Italy, scholars from across Europe have committed themselves to participating in a momentous scientific event.

Under the umbrella title of “The Transformation of Europe in the Third Millennium BC”, two distinct conferences, however mirroring each other, will be held in two different parts of Europe and months apart.

The sole purpose for these two meetings will be to develop and deepen, through an interdisciplinary approach, all aspects that in recent years have contributed to outlining a new interpretative framework of the cultural and social transformation of Europe in the Third Millennium BC.
Scholars will pursue such in a constructive dialogue between archaeology, anthropology, genetics/genomics, linguistics and other biological and environmental disciplines.

The first meeting, over four days with 26 lecture contributions organized in six sessions with two keynotes each, will take place in October 25-28, 2023 in the Centro Congressi of Riva del Garda, Trentino, Italy.

Its focus will be on the mid and second half of the Third Millennium BC,
particularly Bell Beakers in the west and south.


The second meeting will then be held in Budapest in April 24-27, 2024

and will cover the late Fourth and first half of the Third Millennium BC, here
particularly Yamnaya, Globular Amph
oras and Corded Wares in the east and north.

The preliminary programme of the Riva del Garda conference is now available here.

We will continue to update our website, so more details are coming soon.

For more information, please contact us at:

We are looking forward to seeing you in Riva del Garda and Budapest, either in person or via a remote option.


Franco Nicolis (Archaeological Heritage Office, Trento, Italy) and Volker Heyd (University of
Helsinki, Finland)

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